Monday, November 7, 2011

PICA?!


Chewing a pencil in class? We’ve all done it!
However, chewing and swallowing? Now that’s a different story!
You say it’s impossible for someone to eat a pencil, a paper, a light bulb, etc.
I say it happens all the time!
… And it is called Pica!

What?

Pica is an eating disorder typically defined as the persistent ingestion of nonnutritive substances, for a period of at least 1 month, at an age when such behavior is developmentally inappropriate. Ok! Let’s make it simpler. When you were 1 or 2 years old, you used to chew on anything. And even though you don’t remember, that was a perfectly normal behavior. However, being 31 and eating the foam inside your couch cushions is not really ok! (pic)
Pica eaters ingest a wide variety of nonnutritive substances. We are talking about dirt, sand, stones, hair, feces, lead, paper, burnt matches, chalk, wood, plaster, light bulbs, and the list goes on…

Who?

Pica is very common in children, individuals with developmental disabilities and in pregnant women. It may also occur exclusively during the course of another mental disorder such as schizophrenia.

Why?

Why would anyone do such a thing? Well, there could many reasons…

Nutritional deficiencies: Some researchers suggest that nutritional deficiencies in iron, calcium, zinc and other nutrients have been associated with pica. So basically, the theory suggests that pica eaters ingest those nonnutritive substances to provide themselves with those nutrients. However, these findings are not supported by studies. So we’re still facing the dilemma of whether the deficiency came first or whether the ingestion of those foods caused it.

Cultural and familial factors: In some social groups, the ingestion of clay or soil is perfectly normal. Some parents may teach their children to eat those substances. Clay eating and starch eating is seen in some southern, rural, African American communities, primarily among women and children. Starch eating, is frequently started in pregnancy as a treatment for morning sickness.

Stress: Any stress that affects a child’s life may result in pica. What we mean by stress is parent separation, parent neglect, abuse, etc…

Low socioeconomic status: Malnutrition and hunger may result in pica.

Non discriminating oral behavior: As we said before, individuals with developmental disabilities may suffer from pica. This is due to an inability to discriminate between food and nonfood items. Some findings also suggest that there often is an aggressive search for nonfood items.

Then?

So what if I ate all those things? Well, the body is not made to either ingest or digest some products. Besides, there are substances that may be harmful and potentially kill the person ingesting them.

Lead Poisoning: Lead can be found in paint, soil, children’s toys, etc. It is a poisonous metal. A long term exposure to it can damage almost every organ in the body. It can ultimately cause death in children and miscarriage in pregnant women.

Hyperkalemia: It is the elevation of potassium in the blood. Due to ingestion of burnt match heads, it can cause the impairment of neuromuscular, gastrointestinal and cardiac organ systems.

Soil-borne parasitic infections such as toxoplasmosis and toxocariasis: It is due to geophagia (soil or clay ingestion) and it can be fatal specifically to people with a weakened immune system such as AIDS patients or pregnant women.

Gastrointestinal tract complications: the ingestion of non-food products can be very damaging to the GI tract. It can cause mechanical bowel problems, constipation, ulcerations, perforations, intestinal obstructions. The last three can be fatal as they can cause internal hemorrhages (bleeding).

Nutritional effects: data suggests that the ingested material displace normal dietary intake or interfere with the absorption of necessary nutritional substances causing deficiencies, especially in iron and zinc.

Dental effects: Pica results in severe tooth abrasion and surface tooth loss.


How?

Effective treatment should involve:

A psychologist that will analyze the function of pica behavior and ask all the right questions. He will attempt a behavioral modification such as discrimination training between edible and non edible items and other.

A social worker to assess the familial situation of the patient, educate regarding the negative effects of pica and remove toxic substances from the environment.

A physician to deal with the treatment of the consequences of the disorder.

A dietitian to address any identified nutritional deficiencies.

A dentist that will fix any damages to the teeth.

There is no specific medical treatment for patients with pica.


Pica can remit spontaneously in young children and pregnant women. However, if left untreated, it can persist for years. So if you suspect any behavior of this sort in a family member, friend or neighbor, please help them get treated!

79 comments:

cheap replica watches said...

You also need to pay awareness of the bezel. Divers have to be able to see how much time they have been under the water, so it is important that the diving watches have a unidirectional elapsed timing bezel. A clear face on divers watches is important also. The clear face allows you to quickly glance at the face of the watch and see your time. If you cannot quickly fake Bell & Ross watches look at your time, you may overstay in the replica Mont Blanc watches bottom. You will replica Rado watches want to pay awareness of the durability of the dive fake Richard Mille watches watches. Another thing to replica Tag Heuer watches UK pay attention to is the accuracy. You will also want to take the strength of the divers watches into consideration.

Unknown said...

chicago bulls jersey, http://www.chicagobullsjerseys.net/
new balance shoes, http://www.newbalanceshoes.in.net/
dansko outlet, http://www.dansko-shoes.us/
true religion outlet, http://www.truereligionoutletstore.us.com/
christian louboutin, http://www.scarpelouboutin.it/
michael kors outlet, http://www.michaelkorsoutlet.org.uk/
juicy couture outlet, http://www.juicycoutureoutlet.net/
air max 2015, http://www.airmax2015.com/
longchamp handbags, http://www.longchamphandbag.us.com/
49ers jersey, http://www.sanfrancisco49ersjerseys.us/
michael kors factory outlet, http://www.michaelkorsfactoryoutletonline.com/
los angeles lakers, http://www.lakersjerseys.us/
mac cosmetics, http://www.maccosmetics.in.net/
ugg uk, http://www.cheapuggboots.me.uk/
tiffany and co, http://www.tiffanyandco.in.net/
north face outlet, http://www.thenorthfaceclearances.us.com/
air jordan 4 free shipping, http://www.airjordan4.org/
christian louboutin shoes, http://www.christianlouboutinoutlet.org.uk/
roshe run men, http://www.rosherunshoessale.com/
abercrombie and fitch, http://www.abercrombie-fitch.us.com/
chiefs jersey, http://www.kansascitychiefs.us/
mbt shoes outlet, http://www.mbtshoesoutlet.us.com/
ferragamo shoes, http://www.ferragamo.eu.com/
beats by dr dre, http://www.beatsbydrdre-headphones.us.com/
rolex watches, http://www.rolexwatches-uk.co.uk/
nike air max uk, http://www.nikeairmaxshoes.org.uk/
yoga pants, http://www.yogapants.us.com/
michael kors outlet, http://michaelkors.outletonlinestores.us.com/
oakley sunglasses, http://www.oakleysunglasses-outlet.us.com/
michael kors uk outlet, http://www.michaelkorsoutlet.org.uk/
0912maoqiuyun

Unknown said...

nike outlet store
chanel outlet
lululemon pants
nike free uk
pandora outlet
chicago bears
cheap uggs
cheap jordans
celine outlet
ralph lauren outlet
michael kors outlet online
michael kors outlet online
salomon shoes
michael kors outlet
toms outlet store
asics,asics israel,asics shoes,asics running shoes,asics israel,asics gel,asics running,asics gel nimbus,asics gel kayano
uggs outlet
kobe bryants shoes
swarovski crystal
michael kors outlet online
1112MINKO

dongdong said...

michael kors outlet clearance
sac longchamp
levis 511
ralph lauren outlet
fitflops clearance
michael kors handbags
coach outlet
burberry outlet
coach factory outlet
toms outlet
kate spade outlet
ralph lauren uk
coach outlet store online
nike huarache
coach outlet clearance
fitflops shoes
asics shoes
reebok shoes
oakley sunglasses wholesale
instyler max
kate spade outlet
levis jeans
michael kors purses
christian louboutin uk
ralph lauren
jimmy choo outlet
lululemon sale
adidas shoes uk
true religion jeans
coach factory outlet
jordans shoes
calvin klein outlet
prada handbags
supra for sale
cartier watches
toms outlet store
air force 1
jordan pas cher
pandora jewelry
20163.18wengdongdong

chenzhen said...

michael kors outlet online
polo ralph lauren outlet
louis vuitton handbags
coach factorty outlet
nike huarache white
ed hardy outlet
nfl jerseys
ugg boots outlet
louis vuitton outlet
asics shoes for women
louis vuitton bags
adidas wings
gucci handbags
ugg on sale
louis vuitton outlet stores
louis vuitton outlet
fitflop clearance
michael kors outlet online
jordan retro 13
michael kors bags
louis vuitton bags
coach factory outlet
ray ban outlet
michael kors outlet online
louis vuitton handbags
coach outlet online
coach outlet
cheap toms
michael kors outlet online
mont blanc mountain
louis vuitton handbags
michael kors handbags
ugg outlet
kobe 8
retro jordans 13
hollister clothing store
michael kors outlet
kate spade outlet
oakley vault
michael kors outlet
20160318chenzhen

Unknown said...

louboutin pas cher
fitflop sandals
adidas outlet store
michael kors purses
nike uk
cheap oakley sunglasses
cheap jordans
jordan 4
coach outlet store online
coach factory outlet
michael kors outlet clearance
air jordan pas cher
true religion jeans
rolex watches
longchamp outlet
kate spade handbags
louis vuitton outlet stores
hollister clothing
fitflops
christian louboutin flats
louis vuitton outlet
coach outlet
ray ban sunglasses
polo ralph lauren outlet
michael kors outlet
cheap oakley sunglasses
louis vuitton outlet
kobe bryant shoes
adidas uk
ray ban sunglasses outlet
cheap oakley sunglasses
rolex submariner
giuseppe zanotti
polo ralph lauren
louis vuitton outlet
kate spade
nike air force
basketball shoes
louis vuitton outlet
supra shoes
20167.16wengdongdong

xumeiqing said...

20160921meiqing
rolex watches
lebron james shoes
ugg outlet
nmd adidas
louboutin shoes
louis vuitton outlet
vans outlet store
cheap jordans
coach factory outlet
canada goose jackets

raybanoutlet001 said...

michael kors handbags outletthe
michael kors handbagsand
ray ban sunglassesthese
nike free 5Five
nike huarachesheet}
mont blanc pens outletaround
michael kors handbags outletthis
dolce and gabbana shoeseasy
chaussure louboutin pas cherto
ray ban sunglassesand

chenlina said...

cheap uggs
coach factory outlet
ray ban sunglasses uk
fitflops
celine handbags
michael kors outlet
ugg uk
ugg boots
adidas superstar
gucci outlet
chenlina20161118

Unknown said...

saints jerseys
adidas nmd
ecco shoes outlet
lebron shoes
ray bans
san francisco 49ers jerseys
michael kors handbags wholesale
oakland raiders jerseys
supra shoes sale
gucci outlet

chenlina said...

washington wizards jerseys
cheap jordans
michael kors handbags
coach outlet
louis vuitton handbags
ray ban canada
michael kors outlet
adidas originals
oakley sunglasses outlet
chanel outlet
chenlina20170220

Unknown said...

nike air zoom
pandora outlet
louboutin shoes
lacoste outlet
timberland shoes
ultra boost
yeezy boost 350
roshe shoes
hermes belt
yeezy boost 350 v2

Unknown said...

fitflops sale clearance
vikings jerseys
michael kors handbags wholesale
boston celtics jersey
michael kors handbags outlet
coach outlet
chiefs jersey
basketball shoes
ray ban sunglasses
cheap uggs

Unknown said...


شركة نقل عفش من المدينة المنورة الى مكة شركة نقل عفش من المدينة المنورة الى مكة
شركة نقل عفش من المدينة الى ينبع شركة نقل عفش من المدينة الى ينبع
شركة نقل عفش داخل الطائف
شركة نقل عفش داخل مكة
شركة نقل عفش داخل جدة
ارخص شركة نقل اثاث بالمدينة المنورة

Nikita Soni said...

AVG Retail is the best Antivirus programming which is accessible on avg.com/retail , gives the total suite of highlights which can avg.com/retail verify your computerized on the web and disconnected work of the framework or gadgets.

Nikita Soni said...

Visit avg retail and enter avg retail activation code to install and activate your avg antivirus software instantly.

Nikita Soni said...

Avg.com/retail - Steps to Download, Install & Activate AVG Retail avg.com/retail antivirus to safeguard your computer and other devices from online Trojan risk, cyber threats.

Nikita Soni said...

Norton is the most reliable antivirus and we are giving you the full support to get it installed in your norton setup laptops and computers - norton.com/setup

Nikita Soni said...

The Official Norton Site for setup, download, reinstall is norton setup key norton.com/setup where you can enter and activate your product key to setup your account.

Nikita Soni said...

Norton AntiVirus is an anti-virus and anti-malware software product, developed and distributed by Symantec Corporation since 1991 as part of its Norton norton.com/setup family of computer security products. It uses signatures and heuristics to identify viruses.

Nikita Soni said...

webroot.com/safe offer total security of sensitive files over the entirety of your gadgets that incorporate a wide range of IOS gadgets, OS webroot safe gadgets just as Android devices..

Nikita Soni said...

download the security product, and give you the best protection against online threats that won't interrupt your work by webroot.com/safe

Nikita Soni said...

Get your Office Setup Installed with the assistance of the best help group. office.com/setup You may introduce the total office 365 bundle with no entangled work.

techword said...

enter Roku activation code and sanction your roku gadget. Contact for Support if standing up to any issue. roku.com/link Find support with game plan and exploring, find answers to record and charging questions, and make sense of how to use your Roku device.

techword said...

Driving viewership to an unheard of level How to actuate or setup Roku com gadget?. roku.com/link We all realize that the Roku player accompanies some astounding highlights (Roku Activation Code).

techword said...

Go to Roku page record enter Roku com association code appeared on Roku TV. roku.com/link My Roku com associate not working use new Roku code.

techword said...

Do you want to set up hulu antivirus in your computer then click here hulu.com/activate for more details.

techword said...

On the off chance that you need to reinstall office or fix it, you can reverify your item key on setup page Office.com/setup and can download more established form of office

techword said...

mcafee activate have without a doubt the course of action of highlights which can ensure your electronic on the webMcafee.com/activateand isolated nearness of the getting ready contraptions, and it causes you secure it similarly as it can keep up the power of your PC.

techword said...

Roku is a streaming device, which is a reasonable roku setup roku activation code and other Set-up Box. Roku is a bundle of amusement, where client can stream for boundless motion appears, web arrangement, news, animation and a lot more projects.

techword said...

To activate office setup you need to visit Office.com/setup Sign in, create new account,

Monika said...
This comment has been removed by the author.
Monika said...

To get started Office 2019, 2016 and office 365 download or Office.com/setup installation you must need valid 25 character product key,

Monika said...

To introduce or download any item on any gadgets, for example, verify key online PC, mobiles and so on, you have to have a confirmation key.

Monika said...

Webroot is a best-known antivirus software protects your devices against phishing, webroot.com/safe ransom attacks, viruses and malwares. visit here for more details : URL , It can keep your data, files and essential information safe and also scan your files against online threat.

Monika said...

Webroot Mobile Security is a multi client permit enabling you to utilizWebroot Mobile Security is a multi client permit enabling you to utilize your permit on up to 3 gadgets. webroot.com/safe On the off chance that you are utilizing the most extreme number of gadgets you should uninstall from the old gadget preceding introducing on the new gadget.

Monika said...

McAfee empowers relationship to mastermind a truly planned computerized condition that at the same time guarantees, Mcafee.com/activate recognizes and redesigns security risks. For customers, McAfee guarantees your contraption at home and abroad from contaminations, malware and various perils.

Monika said...

McAfee security programming offers a victor among the best malware insurance among the distinctive security suites in the general market. Mcafee.com/activate According to the most recent reports, there has been basic improvement in cutting edge ambushes over the range generally years.

Monika said...

enter avg retail activation code to install and activate your avg antivirus software instantly.to download avg visit : avg.com/retail

Monika said...

Roku gives the least complex approach to stream excitement to your TV. roku.com/link On your terms. With a great many accessible channels to look over.

Monika said...

The Roku Channel is your home for nothing and premium , anyplace you go. Stream many hit films, famous shows, roku.com/link all day, every day live news, and more for nothing. Effectively include and oversee Premium Subscriptions like Showtime, Starz, and Epix with one login, one bill, and one spot to stream them all.

Chanchal said...
This comment has been removed by the author.
Chanchal said...

Avg is a well- known name in the field of virus protection. The reason for which this name is common among all end users is its free antiviruswww.avg.com/retail and malware protection.It not only sounds avg.com/retail free but it provides a lot more with no money. It scans for virus and malware

Chanchal said...

Accomplish more with OneDrive and Office 365 Create cleaned reports, open bits of knowledge, present with office setup lucidity, and work together continuously utilizing Office 365

Chanchal said...

norton web security is generally utilized antivirus gives the least demanding to utilize and most intutive assurance for your PC and your mobiles .introduce norton setup it and disregard viruses,spyware,root-units, hackers.for more subtleties visit: norton.com/setup today

Chanchal said...

norton setup offers a fee-based suite of antivirus products which provide various malware detection method. User can protect their norton setup devices by regularly scanning the computer with Norton antivirus. norton.com/setup anti-virus suite uses virus definitions, suspicious behavior, emulation and the sandbox method to detect viruses

Chanchal said...
This comment has been removed by the author.
Chanchal said...

Download and istall Webroot Software and Webroot Secure Anywhere www.webroot.com/safe AntiVirus which affect your computer and laptop

Chanchal said...

After you buy Norton Antivirus visit norton.com/setup, sign in to norton account then norton setup enter norton product for Norton Setup or Install Norton Antivirus

Chanchal said...

Roku provides the simplest way to stream entertainment to your TV. With thousands of www.roku.com/link available channelsvisit here for more details

Chanchal said...

Webroot Mobile Security is a multi client permit enabling you to utilize your permit on up to 3 gadgets. On the off chance that you www.webroot.com/safe are utilizing the most extreme number of gadgets you should uninstall from the old gadget preceding introducing on the new gadget

Chanchal said...

Introduce Mcafee antivirus to shield your PC or PC from infection assaults nd ensure ur data. Mcafee Activate Visit there Mcafee activate to initiate mcafee antivirus with enactment code that is

Chanchal said...


To enact Hulu Plus on your gadget, either utilize the on-screen console to enter your Hulu sign in data or go to and www.hulu.com/activate enter the gadget initiation code. Both of these strategies will enable you to utilize Hulu on any Hulu-upheld gadget

Chanchal said...

You can utilize Certutil.exe to dump and show confirmation authority (CA) arrangement data, design Certificate Services, reinforcement and verifies key reestablish CA parts, and check testaments, key matches, and declaration chains

Chanchal said...

Get a champion among the best Office setup support! We offer MS Office 365 setup and MS Office 2016 setup organizations. Besides, our point is to empty all of the issues of your pc , PC, etc you can our site for more information click here for more subtleties office setup

Chanchal said...

mcafee antivirus is commonly used aantivirus distinguishes and kill PC contamination, the mail worms,the trojan programs,and in like manner empowers your structure to free of disease and other malware is a noteworthy consistently challenge. for more nuances visit : here for more subtletiesMcafee activate

Chanchal said...

Microsoft Office is an application software. It is used in most of the businesses and organizations Install office setup on your Pc's to get best advantage of it. mostly used office setup tasks are ms-word, Ms-excel and Ms-powerpoint

Chanchal said...

mcafee antivirus is generally utilized aantivirus recognizes and kill PC infection, the mail worms,the trojan programs,and likewise enables your framework to Mcafee activate free of infection and other malware is a significant day by day challenge. for more subtleties visit:

Chanchal said...

McAfee inception with Mcafee antivirus gives all-around protection blocking all the bothersome perils, malware Mcafee activate disease which can hurt your PC

Chanchal said...

Mcafee antivirus is extensively used antivirus recognizes and kill PC disease, the mail worms,the trojan programs,and also empowers your structure to freeMcafee activate of contamination and other malware is a noteworthy step by step challenge

Chanchal said...

Enter your HP printer model and we'll get you the correct printer arrangement programming and drivers. We bolster all significant work area 123 hp com setup and portable working frameworks, including Windows, MacOS, iOS, and Android. To print from different gadgets, visit 123.hp.com on every gadget to download the HP printer programming

Surbhi Sharma said...

norton download, establishment and enactment. The web slanted world structures the need of an antivirus that can verify your data and besides norton install with product key ensure safe taking a gander at and what's more guaranteed trades over the web

Surbhi Sharma said...

McAfee helps organizations orchestrate a truly integrated cyber environment that simultaneously protects, identifies and enhances security threats. For consumers, mcafee activate download and activate McAfee protects your device at home and abroad from viruses, malware and other threats.

Surbhi Sharma said...


McAfee Activate is a certain shot way you can deal with the issues with the initiation procedure. install mcafee with activation code Our McAfee group endeavors to acquire the best tech help for your benefit.

Surbhi Sharma said...


To enact Hulu Plus on your gadget, either utilize the on-screen console to enter your Hulu sign in data or go to and enter the gadget initiation code.
enter activation code for hulu Both of these strategies will enable you to utilize Hulu on any Hulu-upheld device.

Surbhi Sharma said...

Roku gives the least troublesome way to deal with stream redirection to your TV. roku link activate roku tv On your terms With countless channels to peruse.

Surbhi Sharma said...

Enter to Activate Roku Device. Roku is a spilling player or a computerized media player. enter activation code roku You can stream motion pictures, TV shows, melodies and any stimulation content by having Roku connection code.

Surbhi Sharma said...



Visit hulu.com/activate to enter hulu activation code. activate hulu account get total detail to login TV-connected device with activation code. If face issue contact for help.

Surbhi Sharma said...

Steps to Activate Avg retail enlistment Once you install AVG retail activation on your framework, you require to activate it as without activation it is extraordinary to get its feature. In this way,
avg retail registration enact AVG antivirus by following given advances carefully.

Surbhi Sharma said...

Download, Install & Activate officecommyaccount for home & Business purpose and  get full technical help for office setup installation. Visit : install microsoft office 365 with product key for more details.

Surbhi Sharma said...

Webroot Antivirus Software Installation Requirements As we realize that Webroot is security programming and antivirus that give a webroot secureanywhere download high-class insurance to both individual and expert use.

Surbhi Sharma said...



Download norton antivirus to make your computer virus free with the best support and tech team.
download norton with key code Feel free to contact us

Surbhi Sharma said...

McAfee security programming offers a standout amongst the best malware insurance among the various security suites in the worldwide market. mcafee 25 digit activation code As per the most recent reports, there has been noteworthy development in digital assaults in the course of recent years.

Surbhi Sharma said...

mcafee antivirus is widely used aantivirus helps to detect and neutralize computer virus, the mail worms,the trojan programs,and also helps your system free of virus and other malware is quite a daily challenge. for more details visit mcafee my account here.

Surbhi Sharma said...


office setup is the best software which is widely used in globe .It is a powerful service that helps you unleash your best ideas , get things done, and stay connected on the go.for more details microsoft office setup download visit:

Surbhi Sharma said...


Mcafee Product Activation web based utilizing the web is simple. Go to the official site and buy it. Spare it, run it and go through some simple guidance and concur every one of the setup. When you open, it demonstrates an alarm about Activation. mcafee activate product key Dynamic mcafee online item key on the web. An item key is of 25-characters and it

Surbhi Sharma said...

On the off chance that you need to reinstall office or fix it, you can reverify your item key on setup page and
office setup and enter 25 product key can download more established form of office

Surbhi Sharma said...

 In the Norton Setup window, tap . Under Download Norton Security from Google Play, tap .norton install with product key Tap , and then tap to install the app

Surbhi Sharma said...

Hulu supports a wide variety of devices that you can use to stream with us. You can activate any of them at any time,
activate hulu account as well as remove them from your account

Post a Comment